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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 37-40

Histopathological findings of solitary thyroid nodule: An institutional retrospective analysis

Department of ENT and Head Neck Surgery, GSVM Medical College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Harendra Kumar Gautam
L-17, Medical College Campus, Swaroop Nagar, Kanpur - 208 002, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JHNP.JHNP_14_18

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Background: Thyroid swellings are commonly encountered in the surgical practice and accurate preoperative evaluation of thyroid disorder becomes mandatory for the proper management of the patients. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to study the histopathological finding in patients of solitary thyroid nodule at tertiary center of Kanpur region. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients with solitary thyroid nodules were thoroughly examined clinically after taking detail history and fine-needle aspiration cytology. All the patients were subjected to surgery after preoperative preparation and anesthesia checkup. Thyroidectomy specimen was evaluated by histopathological examination. Results: Majority of the patients were between the age group of 21 and 40 years. Female:male ratio was about 5.6:1. Swelling in front of the neck was the most common presentation. Most common solitary thyroid swelling was the colloid goiter. The most common surgery performed was hemithyroidectomy. On histopathological examination, a total of 98 out of total 100 patients presented with benign lesions which included 66 patients of colloid goiter, 16 with follicular adenoma, 4 with lymphocytic thyroiditis, and 12 with adenomatous goiter. Two out of total 100 patients had malignant lesions. Among malignant lesions, papillary carcinoma was found in one patient and anaplastic carcinoma in one patient. Conclusion: The most common histopathological findings of solitary thyroid nodule were colloid goiter followed by follicular adenoma, adenomatous goiter and thyroiditis. Thyroid malignancy was very rare histopathological finding.

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